The current reform process of the Italian university system implicitly or explicitly assumes internationalization as one of the main assets conducing to an improvement of education and research quality. It has become one of the canons of innovative and efficient universities, and a relevant criterion according to which funds are distributed. The Italian Political Science community is deeply committed in the internationalization process; this includes, of course, teaching in English, double degrees, internationally funded research, and publications in English (on the internationalization of teaching and research see IPS, vol. 8, issue n. 2, 2013). But internationalization goes beyond this, and Italian Political Scientists have a long tradition of international visibility. This IPS issue focuses on the roles plaid by our colleagues to serve the international Political Science community. Not necessarily, this visibility is reflected domestically in the Italian academia.